Archaeological - Archaeometrical - Environmental Research in Kastrouli
Kastrouli Mycenaean Project
Chronicle and Teams

Chronicle and Teams



Granting permission to the Lab. of Archaeometry, Department of Mediterranean Studies of the University of the Aegean for the start of geophysical survey and excavation research at the location “Kastrouli” Desfina, province of Phokis, Region of Central Greece, under the archaeological direction of Dr A. Sideris, and Project Leader and Director of arcaheometric-environmental work by Professor Ioannis Liritzis, in the framework of a five-year program (2016-2020) according to the ministerial order no. 5480/542 / 21-06-2016 (ΑΔΑ: Ψ3ΛΗ4653Π4-ΝΑΝ). In this stage American colleagues specializing in the Bronze Age participated in particular the University of California San Diego under the direction of Prof Tom Levy as co-PI and his team. The excavation was also organized as an accredited summer school .


The Kastrouli 2017 excavation season was also an accredited summer school . It was another satisfactory period with students over all the World. The excavation included a house and interesting architectural remains were revealed. Archaeometrical applications were made in situ using pXRF, Raman spectroscopy, GPS, a Drone octacopter with high resolution, differential magnetometer gradiometer. The excavated buildings were georeferenced in the Kastrouli grid of 5x5m squares (made by Prof. A.Georgopoulos of the National Polytechnic University).
Sampling for luminescence dating was made of fortified stone walls, the tomb and ceramics,, also human and animal bones for isotopic data of human bones for ancient diet, and ceramic and local clays for the characterization & provenance of ceramics by XRD, XRF, SEM-EDS. thin sections & PLM.


This is the third year that the archaeological and archaeometric research of the LM IIIB-C and later phases prehistoric settlement of Kastrouli Desphina (Delphi) which is successfully conducted, with significant finds in this year too.
The scientific coordinator of the Project by the University of Aegean and director of archaeometric research is Prof. Ioannis Lirintzis and the Director of Archaeological Research, Dr. Ath. Sideris. Also, co-PI are Associate Professors Andrew Koh from the University of Brandeis, Massachusetts, with whom the Department of Mediterranean Studies has signed a collaboration protocol (MOU), and Kate Birney from Wesleyan University, USA, together with staff from Brandeis Ian Roy photography-Robotics expert.
Current activity included excavation research, high-resolution photographs with different types of drones, portable photogrammetry and photography with structured light, preservation of the finds by conservationists Dr C.Karydis and Mrs M.Panagopoulou, on site at the processing station.

2019 – 2021

The year 2019 emerged Covid and for the following 3 years no excavation was carried out. In 2020 conservation study was made, along with the first cataloging of all materials found.


2022 onwards archaeological works are the responsibility of the Ephoreia of Antiquities of Phokis directed by archaeologist Anthoula Tsaroucha and the archaeometric-environmental PI is Prof Ioannis Liritzis (Henan University, China and European Academy of Sciences & Arts, Salzburg). This summer season has included: conservation (Asst Prof Yiota Manti,Ioanion Univ.) with three students; archaeometry [Asst Prof. N.Laskaris (Univ of West Attica), Prof Niki Evelpidou (Dept of Geology-Geoenvironment (Univ of Atrhens)], anthropology-bioarchareology [(Asst Prof M.Chovalopoulou (Biology Dept., Univ of Athens)], archaeology [Dr Andrew Koh (Yale & MIT), Prof Trevor Luke (Florida State Univ.,), Dr Cheryl Floyd (pottery and apotheke supervisor), Temple PhD; Dr Nikki Pareja (assistant pottery) Marshall Univ., Dr Sarah Schofield (project manager and database) – Brandeis PhD, Koc Univ., Janling Fu (field supervisor) – Harvard PhD postgraduate; and the PhD students Apostolos Vlachos (3D photogrammetry, Alex Westra (GIS, pottery assistance.

Liritzis Ioannis, Project Initiator, Director of Archaeometry – Environment.

Liritzis Ioannis is a Professor of Natural Sciences-Archaeometry at the University of the Aegean (1999-2021) and Distinguished Professor at Henan University, China (2017- ). He is also Dean of Natural Sciences of the European Academy of Sciences & Arts (Saltzburg).



    • Dr. Sideris Athanasios, Director of the archaeological excavation (2016-2020).
    • Prof. Levy Tom, Dept. of Anthropology, University of California San Diego. Co-PI of the archaeological excavation (2016-2020).
    • Hawland Mat & Liss Brady, Assistant Supervisors. Dept. of Anthropology, University of California San Diego (2016)
    • Dr. Koh Andrew, Co-PI of the archaeological excavation. University of Brandeis and Senior Research Fellow with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2018-2020).
    • Dr. Birney Kate, Co-PI of the archaeological excavation, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, Wesleyan University (2018-2020).
    • Anthoula Tsaroucha, PI of the archaeological Work, Ephoreia of Phokis Antiquities, Delphi (representative of the Ephoreia of Phokis Antiquities, 2017-2021, director from 2022 onwards)

                                                                                                         IT Staff

    • Smith Rose, Breeze Carolyn , and Harman Taylor, development the web-based ArchaeoSTOR artifact database. Joined the team to manage and organize all excavated artifacts. Dept. of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego (2016).
    • Dr. Volonakis Pantelis. IT in Cultural Heritage (2016- ), Senior Researcher.
    • Vlachos Apostolos, MSc, PhD Cand., University of the Aegean, Lab. of Archaeometry. IT in Cultural Heritage (2020- ).

Topographic Survey

    • Prof.Georgopoulos Andreas, National Technical University of Athens. Director of geodetic reference points & ortho photography of the site (2016-2020).
    • Dr. Roy Ian, University of Brandeis, USA. Digital and drone expert. (2018-2020).


    • Ass. Prof. Karydis Christos, Dept. of Environment, University of Ionian Islands. PI of conservation of organic artifacts.(2018- ).
    • Ass.Prof. Manti Panagiota, Dept. of Environment, University of Ionian Islands. PI of conservation of inorganic artifacts.(2018- ).
    • Panagopoulou Manto, MSc, PhD Cand., Leiden University. Conservator.(2018- ).
    • Bratitsi Maria, MSc, PhD Cand., University of the Aegean, Conservator (2019- ).
    • Mpaka Mantha, Myari Maria & Vartholomatos Alexandros, Dept. of Environment, University of the Ionian Islands (2019- ).


  • Assoc. Prof. Iliopoulos Ioannis University of Patras, Dept. of Geology. PI of spectroscopy and petrology analysis.(2017- ).
  • Assist. Prof Baziotis Ioannis, Agricultural University of Athens, Geology Division. Senior researcher, Co-PI of mineralogy analysis.(2017- ).
  • Assist.Prof. Nikolaos Laskaris LINK, West Attica University, Senior Researcher, characterization-provenance (2022- ).
  • Dr. Karydas Andreas Nat. Res. Center “DEMOKRITOS”, Senior researcher, Inst. of Nuclear Physics. XRF spectroscopy analysis. Senior Researcher – PI XRF analysis.(2019- )
  • Dr. Polymeris George,, Nat. Res. Center “DEMOKRITOS”, Senior Researcher, Inst. of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Luminesence and C-14 Dating and OSL dating. Senior Researcher  (2021- ).
  • Dr. Xanthopoulou Vayia, University of Patras, Dept. of Geology, Researcher.(2017- ).

                                                                 Geoarchaeology, Environmental studies.

  • Prof. Tsokas Gregory Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Dept. of Geology. PI Geophysical prospection, (2016- ).
  • Prof.Niki Evelpidou, geoarchaeology, Kapodistrian University of Athens, PI of GIS issues
  • Prof. George Papatheodorou, marine geology, University of Patras, Greece. PI of marine & terrestrial boreholing (2016- ).
  • Prof. Maria Geraga, marine geology, University of Patras, Greece. co-PI of marine & terrestrial boreholing (2016- ).
  • Prof. Zhen Qin, Environmental archaeology-palaeoclimates in China, (History, Culture and Archaeology, Univ. of Henan, Kaifeng, China). co-PI for environmental archaeology (2019- ).
  • Dr. Chovalopoulou Marilena,, University of Athens, Dept. of Biology. Senior Researcher for Anthropological Study. PI on bone study (2017- ).
  • Prof Zhen Qin, Dept. of Archaeology and Museology, School of History and Culture, Henan University, PI on stratigraphic analysis (2020- )
  • Prof. Manolis Sotiris University of Athens, Dept. of Biology. PI for Anthropological Study. PI on bone study (2016-2019).
  • Prof. Changhong Miao, Henan University, Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, China.Expert on Human Geography, Environment and Cultural Heritage Sites.(2017- ).


  • Assoc. Prof. Papageorgiou Ioulia, Athens University of Economics & Business, Dept. of Statistics.(2018- ).
  • Dr Ion Andronache, Bucarest University, Romania, senior researcher on image analysis and fractal applications (2022- )