Archaeological - Archaeometrical - Environmental Research in Kastrouli
Kastrouli Mycenaean Project


Project Publications


  1. Liritzis, I., Zhengyao Jin, Anchuan Fan, Α. Sideris, A. Drivaliari (2016). Late Helladic and later reuse phases of Kastrouli settlement (Greece): preliminary dating results. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 16(3), pp. 245-250. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.163775


  1. Sideris, A., I. Liritzis, Β. Liss, M.D. Howland, T.E. Levy (2017). At-risk cultural heritage: new excavations and finds from the Mycenaean site of Kastrouli, Phokis, Greece. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 17 (1), pp. 271-285. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.163772
  2. Chovalopoulou, M.-E., Bertsatos, A., and Manolis, S. K. (2017) Identification of skeletal remains from a My-cenaean burial in Kastrouli-Desfina. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 265-269. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.556353
  3. Liritzis, I., G.S. Polymeris, A. Vafiadou, A. Sideris, T.E. Levy (2018). Luminescence dating of stone wall, tomb and ceramics of Kastrouli (Phokis, Greece). Late Helladic settlement: case study. Journal of Cultural Heritage 35, pp.76-85.


  1. Sideris, A. and I. Liritzis (2018). The Mycenaean site of Kastrouli, Phokis, Greece: second excavation season, July 2017.  Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 18(3), pp. 209-224. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2543784
  2. Levy, Ε.Τ., T. Sideris, M. Howland, B. Liss, G. Tsokas, A. Stambolidis, E. Fikos, G. Vargemezis, P. Tsourlos, A. Georgopoulos, G. Papatheodorou, M. Garaga, D. Christodoulou, R. Norris, I. Rivera-Collazo, and I. Liritzis (2018). At-Risk World Heritage, Cyber, and Marine Archaeology: The Kastrouli–Antikyra Bay Land and Sea Project, Phokis, Greece, Springer International Publishing AG. In T.E. Levy, I.W.N. Jones (eds), Cyber-Archaeology and Grand Narratives, One World Archaeology, pp. 143-230 (
  3. Bratitsi M., I. Liritzis, A. Vafiadou, V. Xanthopoulou, E. Palamara, I. Iliopoulos, N. Zacharias (2018). Critical assessment of chromatic index in archaeological ceramics by Munsell and RGB: novel contribution to characterization and provenance studies. Mediterranean Archaeology & Archaeometry 18(2), pp. 175-212 (DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1297163). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1297163


  1. Kontopoulos, Ι., K. Penkman, I. Liritzis, M.J. Collins (2019). Bone diagenesis in a Mycenaean secondary burial (Kastrouli, Greece). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (published online,


  1. Baziotis, I., S. Xydous, S. Manimanaki, I. Liritzis (2020). An integrated method for ceramic characterization: a case study from the newly excavated Kastrouli site (Late Helladic). Journal of Cultural Heritage 42, pp. 274–279.
  2. Liritzis, I., V. Xanthopoulou, E. Palamara, I. Papageorgiou, I. Iliopoulos, N. Zacharias, A. Vafiadou, A.G. Karydas (2020). Characterization and provenance of ceramic artifacts and local clays from late Mycenaean Kastrouli (Greece) by means of P-XRF screening and statistical analysis. Journal of Cultural Heritage (in press).
  3. Kontopoulos, I., K. Penkman, V.E. Mullin, L. Winkelbach, M. Unterländer, A. Scheu, S. Kreutzer, H.B. Hansen, A. Margaryan, M.D. Teasdale, B. Gehlen, M. Street, N. Lynnerup, I. Liritzis, C. Papageorgopoulou, M.E. Allentoft, J. Burger, D.G. Bradley, M.J. Collins (2020). Screening archaeological bone for palaeogenetic and palaeoproteomic studies. PLOS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0235146
  4. Koh A.J., K.J. Birney, I.M. Roy, I. Liritzis (2020). The Mycenaean citadel and environs of Desfina-Kastrouli: a transdisciplinary approach to southern Phokis. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 20(3), pp. 47-73
  5. Liritzis I. Kastrouli Fortified Settlement (Desfina, Phokis, Greece) : A Chronicle of Research. Scientific Culture, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2021, pp. 17-32.


  1. Liritzis, I (2021) Kastrouli fortified settlement (desfina, phokis, Greece): a chronicle of research. SCIENTIFIC CULTURE, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 17-32. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4465472
  2. Xanthopoulou, V, Iliopoulos, Liritzis, I (2021) Mineralogical and microstructure analysis for characterization and provenance of ceramic artifacts from late Helladic Kastrouli settlement, Delphi (central Greece). Geosciences, 11, 36,
  3. Liritzis I., Ouzounis C. , Hilioti Z., Karapiperis C., Valasiadis D., Alexandridou A. , Rihani V. (2021) Whole genome sequencing approach revealed species in Mycenaean period associated residual plant biomass: first results. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 21, No 3, pp. 229-247 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5598249


  1. Howland, M.D.; Tamberino A.; Liritzis, I.; Levy, T.E. (2022) Digital Deforestation: Comparing Automated Approaches to the Production of Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) in Agisoft Metashape. Quaternary 5, 5.
  2. Liritzis, I, Evelpidou, N, Fikos, I, Stambolidis, A, Diamanti, N., Roussari, T, Tzouxanioti, M., Louvaris, P., Tsokas, G.N (2022) Novel Combined Approach of GIS and Electrical Tomography to Identify Marsh/Lake at Kastrouli Late Mycenaean Settlement (Desfina, Greece), QUATERNARY 5, 26, 1-17. In: Liritzis, I. (ed.), Special Issue “Advances in Geoarchaeology and Cultural Heritage” DOI:
  3. Sideris, Α (2022) The Mycenaean site of Kastrouli Phokis: Third excavation season, July 2018, Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry Vol. 22, No 2, pp. 1-21  DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5906813
  4. Lazaridis, et al…(202 authors) (2022) The genetic history of the Southern Arc: A bridge between West Asia and Europe, SCIENCE 377, 939 (2022) 26 August 2022 [Supplementary: Science 377, eabm4247 (2022), DOI: 10.1126/science.abm4247]
  5. Lazaridis, et al (202 authors) (2022) A genetic probe into the ancient and medieval history of Southern Europe and West Asia, SCIENCE 377, 940–951 (2022) 26 August 2022 [Supplementary: Science 377, 940 (2022), DOI: 10.1126/science.abq0755
  6. Lazaridis, et al…(202 authors) (2022)Ancient DNA from Mesopotamia suggests distinct pre-pottery and pottery Neolithic migrations into Anatolia, SCIENCE 377, 982–987 (2022) 26 August 2022 [Supplementary: Science 377, 982–987 (2022) 26 August 2022] DOI: 10.1126/science.abq0762
  7. Liritzis, I (2022) The ancient DNA of the N.E. Mediterranean/Euro-Asian Cultures and the Position of the Mycenaean Greeks among the first Cultures, Proceedings of the European Academy of Sciences & Arts, Vol.1, No 1, 7-14, ,; DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7031096.


  1. Drake, B.L. (2012). The Influence of Climatic Change on the Late Bronze Age Collapse and the Greek Dark Ages. Journal of Archaeological Science 39, pp. 1862–1870.
  2. Kountouri, E., N. Petrochilos, N. Liaros, V. Oikonomou, D. Koutsoyiannis, N. Mamassis, N. Zarkadoulas, A. Vött, H. Hadler, P. Henning, T. Willershäuser (2013). The Mycenaean drainage works of north Kopais, Greece: a new project incorporating surface surveys, geophysical research and excavation. Water Supply 13(3), pp. 710–718.
  3. Levy, T. E., V. Petrovic, T. Wypych, A. Gidding, K. Knabb, D. Hernandez, N. G. Smith, J. P. Schlulz, S.H. Savage, F. Kuester, E. Ben-Yosef, C. Buitenhuys, C. J. Barrett, M. Najjar, and T. DeFanti (2010) On-Site Digital Archaeology 3.0 and Cyber- Archaeology: Into the Future of the Past—New Developments, Delivery and the Creation of a Data Avalanche. In Introduction to Cyber-Archaeology, edited by M. Forte, pp. 135–153. Archaeopress, Oxford.
  4. McInerney, J. (1999). The Folds of Parnassos: Land and Ethnicity in Ancient Phokis (1st ed.). Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
  5. McInerney, J. (2011). Delphi and Phokis: A Network Theory Approach. Pallas 87, pp. 95-106.
  6. Sideris, A. (2014). Antikyra History & Archaeology. Athens: Municipality of Distomo (in Greek).
  7. Murray, S.C. (2017) The Collapse of the Mycenaean Economy: Imports, Trade, and Institutions 1300–700 BCE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  8. Nagy, G. (2020) About some kind of an epiphany as pictured in Minoan glyptic art, and about its relevance to a myth as retold by Pausanias. Classical Inquiries.
  9. Nosch, M-L. (2012). The Textile Logograms in the Linear B Tablets: Les idéogrammes archéologiques – des textiles. In P. Carlier, C. De Lamberterie, M. Egetmeyer, N. Guilleux, F. Rougemont, and J. Zurbach (eds.), Études mycéniennes 2010. Actes du XIII[e] colloque international sur les textes égéens, Sèvres, Paris, Nanterre, 20-23 septembre 2010. Pisa: Roma Fabrizio Serra, pp. 303-344.
  10. Tartaron, T.F. (2013) Maritime Networks in the Mycenaean World, Cambridge Univer-sity Press, New York, 2013.
  11. Themelis, P. (1983) Delphi and environs in 7th and 8th c BC (Phokida – West Lokrida),in: Annuario della Scuola Archeologica di Atene e delle Missioni Italiane inOriente, vol. LXI, N.S. XLV, 1983, pp. 213–256 (in Greek).
  12. Wiener, M. H. (2014) Causes of Complex Systems Collapse at the End of the Bronze Age. In P. M. Fischer and T. Bürge (eds.), “Sea Peoples” Up-to-Date: New Research on the Transformations in the Eastern Med-iterranean in the 13th-11th Centuries BCE. Proceedings of the ESF-Workshop held at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, 304 November 2014. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissen-schaften, pp. 43-74. https://verlag.oeaw